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Learn English: Weather words

Dog in water
A dog cooling off in summer.

ABC Open: Kat Pobke

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Hot or cold, sunny or windy? The weather affects us all. Let's take a closer look at some words we use to talk about the weather and seasons.

The word 'weather' refers to the conditions in the air above the Earth. This determines the temperature and conditions experienced in a specific place.

Lightning
Lightning in the sky on a rainy day.

ABC Open: James Curry

A 'weather forecast' is a prediction of what the weather will be for that day. This is done by a 'meteorologist' — an expert on weather patterns.

"Check the weather forecast before heading out so you don't get caught in the rain."

The 'temperature' refers to how hot or cold a place or thing is. We usually measure temperature in degrees Celsius and use the symbol '°C' to indicate this.

"When the temperature goes over 30°C, I go to the beach for a swim."

There are four seasons in a year in Australia — summer, autumn, winter and spring.

'Summer' refers to the hottest part of the year. In Australia, this is between December and February.

'Autumn' falls between summer and winter. This is the season when leaves fall from trees, so parks will be covered in leaves. In Australia, autumn is from March to May.

Snowman
Building a snowman in winter.

'Winter' is the coldest part of the year.

Sometimes you may experience a rainy or windy day.

When it's raining non-stop, we can say it is a 'rainy day'. When there are strong winds, we can say it's a 'windy day'.

In Australia, winter is from June to August. During winter, we experience snow in some parts of the country. And of course, we take the chance to build a snowman!

'Spring' is when it begins to get warmer and flowers start to bloom. From September to November, you can see beautiful flowers in Australia.

Here is one way to talk about the weather using the four seasons:

"My favourite season is summer because it's not cold like winter. It's the best time to enjoy the outdoors, but it can get too hot at times.

Spring comes right after winter and all the flowers are in full bloom.

Autumn is beautiful too, but it's a reminder that winter is around the corner, so it's best to enjoy that period before the chilly winds hit you."

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