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Learn English: Talking about my family

Family
A family holding hands.

Freestocks CC: Kamil Malinowski

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It is National Families Week in Australia from 15 May to 21 May. In this lesson, let's find out how to use the correct personal pronouns and possessive determiners when we talk about our family.

When you talk about your family, you may need to use personal pronouns and possessive determiners.

Here are some examples of personal pronouns and the corresponding possessive determiners.

Personal pronoun I you he she we they it
Possessive determiner my your his her our their its

Personal pronouns are used to talk about yourself. It can also be used to refer to people and things we know or have just named.

Possessive determiners are used when we want to say that something or someone belongs to a person, a place or a thing.

Note that a possessive determiner always comes before a noun or a noun phrase.

"I have a small family." (I = personal pronoun)

"My family is not very big." (my = possessive determiner)

"You have very friendly parents." (you = personal pronoun)

"Your parents are very friendly." (your = possessive determiner)

Selling fruit
Selling fruit.

Pexels CC: Erik Scheel

"My brother Ken works at the markets. He sells fresh food." (he = personal pronoun)

"His working hours are from 9 to 5 every day." (his = possessive determiner)

"My aunt Nancy was born in a big house in the suburbs. She now lives in an apartment near the city." (she = personal pronoun)

"Her home is an apartment near the city." (her = possessive determiner)

A family by the beach
A family by the beach.

Pixabay CC: jill111

"We have a house in Adelaide." (we = personal pronoun)

"Our house is in Adelaide." (our = possessive determiner)

"They have two nieces called Amy and Grace. " (they = personal pronoun)

"The names of their nieces are Amy and Grace." (their = possessive determiner)

In the case of 'it', the possessive form 'its' does not have an apostrophe.

"Many families gather together when there is a festival on in this town. It is famous for its festivals."

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