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Learn English: Exploring Australia's cities

Many tourists like to explore the city when they're travelling around Australia.
Many tourists like to explore the city when they're travelling around Australia.
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Many international students and new migrants come to Australia every year to study or work and while they are here, they also explore the cities and regional areas. Read on to learn words you can use when talking about the city, metropolitan areas and regional areas.

Different meanings of the word 'city'

In Australia, many new people to the country like to explore the 'city'. In this case, we are talking about the central business district (CBD) which we can refer to as the 'city'. A number of people in Australia live in the suburbs, which are outside of the CBD area, and work in the city.

"I normally use the train or tram to get around the city. I like the city because it is more interesting."

"I walk around a lot around the city to try to get to know the city."

Another definition of 'city' is a large town like Sydney, Melbourne or Adelaide. Australia has many cities.

"Sydney is such a beautiful city!"

'Capital city' refers to the official seat of government in a country or state. Canberra is Australia's national capital.

There are also capital cities in every Australian state and territory. For example, the capital city of the state of Western Australia is Perth.

"Canberra is the capital of Australia. Have you been there before?"

"My goal is to visit all the capital cities in Australia by the end of this year."

Metropolitan versus regional areas

'Metropolitan areas' refer to the densely populated urban centre of a city. Many people like to go beyond the metropolitan areas, or metro, and explore regional areas.

'Regional areas' include the towns and areas that outside of the major capital cities in Australia.

"I enjoy going on holidays. A short one can be to the regional areas like Ballarat or Bendigo for the weekend."

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